Frequent Asked Questions
- What is granite?
Granite is the most abundant rock on the earth’s crust and the most used as counter-tops because of its strength, endurance, and extensive colors.
Its composed of feldspar, quartz and mica.
- What is quartz?
It’s a material composed of 93% quartz and 7% resin. In our industry, Quartz is also referred to as Engineered Stone. It is not a Natural Stone, however, with the advances of technology Quartz can have any color and/or pattern nowadays.
- What is marble?
Marble is a very popular Natural Stone in the actuality. Calacata and Carrara Marbles are trending in designs for kitchen countertops. However, Marble needs lots of care because of its porous surface. When you think of marble, think of a beautiful stone that needs your attention. If you don’t mind that, this is the way to go.
- Can I use marble on my kitchen countertops?
Yes, although marble is a softer and more porous material than granite or quartzite, it can be used on your kitchen counter. Since the trend now is definitely marble for the kitchen, be ready for the wear and tear appearance after a while. Often maintenance is require on your marble countertops, and applying a good impregnator plus the sealer are also suggested.
- What is the difference between granite and quartzite?
Whereas Granite is an igneous rock found more abundantly and with more variety, Quartzite is actually harder than granite because consists of a larger volume of Quartz
- Is Quartz the same thing as Quartzite?
No, these are totally different materials!
Quartzite is a 100% natural material formed from sandstone and quartz together under a great deal of heat and pressure. Quartzite is naturally strong, resists heat and is hard to stain. Its composition makes quartzite harder than quartz.
Quartz is composed mostly of natural stone as the raw material for this engineered stone. Added to it are resins, some binding agents and occasionally pigments, which then turns into an amazing surface for countertops. This trend is very strong, especially if a more contemporary style is desire.
- How resistant is granite ?
Granite is extremely resistant for countertop’s use. Granite is also highly resistant to heat and scratches, normal daily use will not adversely affect your surface. However, there is a chance for etching to occur on it, if in long term contact with acids.
- How should I maintain my granite countertops?
You should clean your countertops using water and a mild soap. You may also apply a natural stone cleaner found in over the counter shops, such as “Italian Craftman”. Avoid ammonia based products at all times; such Fantastic, Windex etc; they will give a dull appearance to your originally shiny stone. Maintenance will assist to keep the original beauty of your countertops.
- Difference between Granite and marble
Granite is more durable and stronger than marble, for that reason granite is very popular in kitchen and marble in others areas.
BASALT AND TRAP
The structure is medium to fine grained and compact. Their colour varies from dark gray to black. Fractures and joints are common. Their weight varies from 18 kN/m3 to 29 kN/m3. The compressive strength varies from 200 to 350 N/mm2. These are igneous rocks. They are used as road metals, aggregates for concrete. They are also used for rubble masonry works for bridge piers, river walls and dams. They are used as pavement.
Granites are also igneous rocks. The colour varies from light gray to pink. The structure is crystalline, fine to coarse grained. They take polish well. They are hard durable. Specific gravity is from 2.6 to 2.7 and compressive strength is 100 to 250 N/mm2. They are used primarily for bridge piers, river walls, and for dams. They are used as kerbs and pedestals. The use of granite for monumental and institutional buildings is common. Polished granites are used as table tops, cladding for columns and wall. They are used as coarse aggregates in concrete.
These are sedimentary rocks, and hence stratified. They consist of quartz and feldspar. They are found in various colours like white, grey, red, buff, brown, yellow and even dark gray. The specific gravity varies from 1.85 to 2.7 and compressive strength varies from 20 to 170 N/mm2. Its porosity varies from 5 to 25 per cent. Weathering of rocks renders it unsuitable as building stone. It is desirable to use sand stones with silica cement for heavy structures, if necessary. They are used for masonry work, for dams, bridge piers and river walls.
These are metamorphic rocks. They are composed of quartz, mica and clay minerals. The structure is fine grained. They split along the planes of original bedding easily. The colour varies from dark gray, greenish gray, purple gray to black. The specific gravity is 2.6 to 2.7. Compressive strength varies from 100 to 200 N/mm2. They are used as roofing tiles, slabs, pavements etc.
It is a metamorphic rock. It is having porous and sponges structure. It contains high percentage of iron oxide. Its colour may be brownish, red, yellow, brown and grey. Its specific gravity is 1.85 and compressive strength varies from 1.9 to 2.3 N/mm2. It can be easily quarried in blocks. With seasoning it gains strength. When used as building stone, its outer surface should be plastered.
This is a metamorphic rock. It can take good polish. It is available in different pleasing colours like white and pink. Its specific gravity is 2.65 and compressive strength is 70–75 N/mm2. It is used for facing and ornamental works. It is used for columns, flooring, steps etc.
It is a metamorphic rock. It is having fine to coarse grains. Alternative dark and white bands are common. Light grey, pink, purple, greenish gray and dark grey coloured varieties are available. These stones are not preferred because of deleterious constituents present in it. They may be used in minor constructions. However hard varieties may be used for buildings. The specific gravity varies from 2.5 to 3.0 and crushing strength varies from 50 to 200 N/mm2.
Quartzites are metamorphic rocks. The structure is fine to coarse grained and often granular and branded. They are available in different colours like white, gray, yellowish. Quartz is the chief constituent with feldspar and mica in small quantities. The specific gravity varies from 2.55 to2.65. Crushing strength varies from 50 to 300 N/mm2. They are used as building blocks and slabs. Theyare also used as aggregates for concrete.
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